Medial Branch Block: A diagnostic medial branch nerve block is a form of an injection that is utilized to establish whether or not a patient’s facet joint is causing their back discomfort. Facet joints are tiny joints that connect the vertebrae at the rear of the spine. They are found in pairs between the vertebrae. Medial branch nerves, which transport pain signals from the facet joints to the brain, are found in each facet joint.
Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA): Procedure used to reduce pain. Using an electrical current produced by radio waves is used to heat up a small area of nerve tissue, decreasing pain signals from that specific area. This can be done to help with chronic back pain.
Epidural Injections: Epidural steroid injections are injections into an affected area with a steroid medication and anesthetic. This is done to reduce inflammation in the area and help control your pain.
Sacroiliac Joint Injection (SI injection): The sacroiliac facet joints are a small joint in the region of the low back and buttocks where the pelvis joins with the spine. If the joints become painful, they may cause pain in the low back, buttocks, abdomen, groin or legs. The injection is performed with the patient lying on his or her abdomen. Prior to the injection, the area of the skin where the medication will be injected is cleaned and numbed with local anesthetic. With the use of fluoroscopy (live x-ray), the physician injects a mixture of local anesthetic and steroid medication into the sacroiliac joint.